The Kingdom of Wessex – Royal Burial Sites

Worcester                                       John                                             1199-1216                                   Sudeley                                           Kathryn Parr                                                                         Gloucester                                      Edward ii                                     1307-1327                                   Malmesbury                                   Athelstan                                     924-939                               Glastonbury                                   Arthur                                                                                                                                                        Edmund i                                     939-946                                                                                                Edgar                                            959-975                                                                                                Edmund ii                                    1016 – 8 months                   Sherborne                                      Ethelbald                                      858-860                                                                                              Ethelbert                                      860-866                                 Shaftesbury                                   Edward the Martyr                     975-978                                 Wimborne Minster                      Ethelred i                                     866-871                                     Rufus Stone                                  William Rufus (site of death)   1087-1100                        Winchester                                    Cynegil                                          611-642                                                                                               Cenwealh                                       642-672                                                                                              Egbert                                           802-839                                                                                              Aethelwulf                                    839-858                                                                                              Alfred                                            871-899                                                                                                Edward the Elder                       899-924                                                                                              Eadred (Edwy)                            955-959                                                                                                Canute                                          1017-1035                                                                                            Hardicanute                                1040-1042                                                                                            William ii (Rufus)                      1087-1100                                  Blaydon                                         Winston Churchill

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Worcester Cathedral

The tomb of King John (1199-1216) is in the Choir of Worcester Cathedral, and can be viewed through this link and below:

Tomb  A further close-up can be viewed here.

Below: a small 18th century organ.

Organ

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Sudeley Castle

Sudeley Castle     Sudeley Chapel

Above left: Sudeley Castle, and right: West Front of the Chapel. Below: Choir and Sanctuary.

Chapel Chancel     Plaque Queen Katherine

Above right: memorial plaque to Queen Kathryn which reads: ‘Here lieth Quene Kateryn Wife to Kyng Henry VIII And last the wife of Thomas Lord of Sudeley high Admiral of England and Unkle to Kyng Edward the VI; he dyed 5 September MCCCCXLVIII (1548)’.

Below: the tomb of Queen Kathryn Parr.

Tomb Queen Katherine

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Gloucester Cathedral

Gloucester Cathedral can be seen through this link.  Below left: a view of Gloucester’s acclaimed ‘cloisters’.  Below right: Robert, Duke of Normandy. He was the eldest son of William the Conqueror and succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy, while his younger brother, William (Rufus) ruled England.

Cloister     Duke of Normandy

Conflict between the brothers cost Robert the Duchy of Normandy and after twenty eight years’ imprisonment in England, he died in 1134.

Below left: the plaque commemorating the burial site of King Edward ii (1307-1327) and right, the tomb of King Edward ii.

Edward burial site     Edward II tomb

His peculiar friendship with one ‘Piers Gaveston’ led to the latter’s summary execution and the simultaneous abdication of Edward in favour of his son (to be Edward iii). A reigning King and an ex-King could not be, and so Edward ii was murdered at Berkeley Castle in 1327 by thrusting a red hot poker via a funnel into his rectum and intestines thus removing any visible signs of treachery.

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Malmesbury Abbey

Malmesbury Abbey can be viewed through this link. (Beside the Abbey is my hotel, which Her Majesty the Queen visited).

This link shows The Nave. Below: the tomb of King Athelstan (924-940).

King Athelstan

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Glastonbury Abbey

Glastonbury – steeped in history and mystery, is traditionally the burial site of the romano-british ‘King’ Arthur (539 ?) and his wife Guinevere. Also buried here are Edmund I (939-946); Edgar (959-975); and Edmund ii (April to November 1016).

A model provides a view of what the Abbey might have looked like in 1539 and can be viewed through this link. Below left: as it is today.

Glastonbury 1

Glastonbury 2     Glastonbury 3

Above left: The Crypt, and right: the remains of the west end.

The core of Glastonbury’s first monastery was the ancient cemetery which had grown around the old church of St Mary south of where the Lady Chapel stands today. Very early graves are packed together and one is believed to be that of King Arthur, who almost certainly existed but not in the stylised way he has been portrayed down the ages.

An early legend has it that his wife, Guinevere, was kidnapped by Melwas, King of ‘Summer Land’ (Somerset), imprisoned in his castle on The Tor and rescued by Arthur and his army. Perhaps it was inevitable that the Knights of the Round Table should spring from that.

However, even when stripped of all the mythology there clearly did exist a Celtic warlord who succeeded in halting the Saxon advance. It is also confirmed that the grave the monks found in 1191 was of Celtic origin and that a few feet above the coffin they found a leaden cross with a Latin inscription claiming that the body was that of King Arthur.

At the Dissolution the shrine was despoiled and Arthur’s grave was no more. It was not until 1934 that excavations revealed the final resting place of the King which is now marked with a simple plaque.

King Arthur 2     King Arthur 1

King Arthur 3     Edgar Chapel

Glastonbury

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Sherborne Abbey

A view of the Abbey and of the Nave can be viewed through these links. Below left: the High Altar, and right: the organ case.

Sherborne High Altar     Sherborne Organ Case

Below left: the burial site, and right: the plaque to Kings Ethelbald and Ethelbert.

Burial Site     King Ethelbald

 

 

 

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Shaftesbury Abbey

The once great Benedictine Abbey founded by King Alfred was another victim of Henry viii’s Dissolution.

Below left: the Abbey ruins.  Below right: the High Altar dedicated to the King Edward ‘The Martyr’ murdered at Corfe Castle and buried in the Abbey in 978.

Shaftesbury 1     Shaftesbury 2

Shaftesbury Monastic Tomb     Shaftesbury King Edward

Top left: an empty monastic tomb in Shaftesbury Abbey and, above right: the site of the 1935 discovery of a lead casket containing bones. The nature of it indicated a burial of royal origin and thus it was assumed to be that of King Edward The Martyr 975-978.  The casket is now in the Abbey Museum and can be viewed through this link.

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Wimborne Minster

Photographs of Wimborne Minster can be viewed through this link.

Below left: the memorial plaque (said to be a copy of the original coffin plate) to King Ethelred 866-871.  Below right: part of the organ case with its Chamade de Trompette pipes.

Wimborne King Ethelred     Wimborne Organ Case

 

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The New Forest

Below: The Rufus Stone in the New Forest.

New Forest 1     Rufus Stone

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